Fluid Milk and Cream — Western U.S.
In California, milk supplies are a tad tighter than usual. Nonetheless, finding the volumes required for processing needs is not an issue. In fact, a good balance between supplies and demand for milk is upheld through out of state sales. Milk production remains at the same level as the past week. Class I sales are steady in northern California, but somewhat lighter in the southern part of the state. Class III requests are down. In Arizona, weather conditions are conducive to less milk output. With the temperature reaching three-digit numbers and the current monsoon season, there is an anticipation that future heavy rains will likely impact cows' milk yield. Milk production has been lower compared to the previous year, but for the most part, it is enough to meet demand within the state. This week, there is a steady pull of milk to fulfill retailers' needs. In New Mexico, milk yield is close to stable. Operating activities are ongoing, but still not absorbing all the holdovers of milk due to disruptive repair and maintenance workloads. Bottled milk and Class III demands have declined somewhat, whereas Class II sales are picking up. Ice cream is driving the increased request for Class II. Pacific Northwest milk production is steady to higher. After a stretch of hot weather, parts of the region got some relief with lower temperatures. The cooler weather has allowed cows to recharge and milk production has rebounded somewhat. Milk intakes are in good balance with processing needs, and component levels have remained strong. Milk production in the mountain states of Idaho, Utah and Colorado is somewhat mixed. While output is steady in the southern parts of the region, milk yields continue to climb in the north. The heights of spring flush often do not occur until early July for Idaho. Favorable weather is supporting cow comfort. Milk production is in generally good balance with processing needs with only the occasional load being discounted. Cream multiples are on the rise, and as a result, some cream is moving eastward to fill processing needs there. Industry contacts say the hay harvest and spring planting got off to a later than usual start, but they anticipate no major forage issues for dairy farms. Condensed skim inventories are steady to lower depending on the area. Some processors had to get additional loads from surrounding states. Cream is moving to ice cream and cheese plants to satisfy high demands. Some western plant managers have stopped churning butter, while others have steady to declining churning schedules. Cream availability continues to tighten, but supplies can meet immediate needs. Cream multiples for all Classes are up 3 points at the top of the range this week. National Retail Report Dairy ± Fluid Milk Summary Advertised Prices at Major Retail Supermarket Outlets ending during the period of 6/14/19 to 6/20/2019 Half Gallon, All Fat Tests Weighted Average Price National This Period Last Week Last Year Organic $3.87 $4.09 $4.02 Conventional $2.22 $1.26 $2.01 Regional (Conventional) Wtd. Ave. Low High Northwest $2.59 $2.59 $2.59 Regional (Organic) Wtd. Ave. Low High Northwest $3.65 $2.50 $4.39 Southwest $3.45 $2.99 $3.99 Gallon, All Fat Tests Weighted Average Price National This Period Last Week Last Year Organic $6.77 $6.02 $6.70 Conventional $2.86 $2.78 $2.82 Regional (Conventional) Wtd. Ave. Low High Northwest $2.75 $2.50 $2.99 Southwest $2.67 $1.99 $2.99 Western U.S., F.O.B. Cream Multiples Range - All Classes: 1.1200 - 1.2800 Information for the period June 17 - 21, 2019, issued weekly Secondary Sourced Information: Milk pooled on the Pacific Northwest Order 124 totaled 787.0 million pounds in May 2019. Class I utilization accounted for 18.9 percent of producer milk. The uniform price was up $0.51 from last month, and $1.44 above the same month a year ago. Milk pooled on the Arizona Order 131 totaled 434.1 million pounds in May 2019. Class I utilization accounted for about 23.9 percent of producer milk. The uniform price was up $0.51 from last month, and $1.66 above the same month a year ago. The NASS Milk Production report noted May 2019 milk production in the 24 selected states was 18.1 billion pounds, 0.1 percent down from a year ago. Milk cows in the 24 selected states totaled 8.79 million head, 55,000 head less than a year ago. The following table shows western states included in the report and the monthly milk production changes compared to a year ago: May 2019 Milk Production, (USDA-NASS) (Million Lb.) % Change From 1 Year Ago Arizona 427 - 4.3 California 3577 + 1.3 Colorado 406 + 3.6 Idaho 1343 + 1.4 New Mexico 721 - 0.8 Oregon 222 + 1.4 Utah 198 - 2.9 Washington 587 + 0.5