AND STOCKER CATTLE
(Federal-State Market News)
St. Joseph, Mo.
THIS WEEK: 386,300
LAST WEEK: 534,500
YEAR AGO: 297,000
Compared to last week, steers and heifers sold uneven; 1.00 lower to 3.00 higher. In the Northern Plains, Good to very good demand for all weights of feeder cattle this week as the CME Cattle Complex had a positive week, making nice gains.
The closely watched contract month of April gave cattle feeders a boost in their optimism level. The front two months of LC contracts were 3.95 to 4.32 higher on the week, while the March and April FC contracts were 7.82 to 8.32 higher on the week. The March FC contract is at its highest level since mid-August and the April LC is at its highest level in a year.
The weather has been very mild, and rather dry, which is allowing cattle to stay clean and really look attractive. Cattle have had to spend very little of their energy to maintain their body temps which is allowing them to easily gain pounds and flesh condition.However, feeder cattle buyers are very critical of too much flesh.
Grass cattle buyers were also readily procuring cattle for summer turnout in the Northern Plains this week and several sales in Nebraska and Kansas held bred cow and heifer sales this week. In addition, there will be more replacement stock sales happening in the coming weeks.
Choice Boxed-beef values continue to climb an unseasonal ladder. On the week, Choice cutout closed 9.90 higher at 222.82, while Select was 10.26 higher at 213.34; as the Choice-Select spread has narrowed to 9.48.
Cattle Slaughter under federal inspection estimated at 657K for the week, 6K more than last week and 19K more than a year ago.
This week’s fed cattle market was established at 110.00 to 111.00 live in the South Plains and dressed sales in Nebraska being traded at 173.00.
Commercial red meat production for the United States totaled 4.85 billion pounds in December, up 3 percent from the 4.73 billion pounds produced in December 2019. Beef production, at 2.32 billion pounds, was 3 percent above the previous year. Cattle slaughter totaled 2.78 million head, up 1 percent from December 2019. The average live weight was up 16 pounds from the previous year at 1389 pounds.
On Thursday, the monthly Livestock Slaughter report revealed what many industry analysts have been watching all year long. The 2020 preliminary Federally Inspected (FI) steer slaughter was near 3 percent below the previous year and over 4 percent below the 3-year average, heifer slaughter was nearly 4 percent below a year ago and nearly 3 percent larger than the 3-year average. Couple that with 2020 FI beef cow slaughter being over 2 percent above a year ago and 9 percent above the 3-year average, leaving no doubt that ranchers have been moving the factory through the red meat pipeline in 2020 as well.
2020 Steer dressed weight was reported at 908 lbs; 30 lbs larger than a year ago and 3 year average.
Heifer weights were very similar being 22 lbs more and 21 lbs larger respectively. Fed cattle dressed weights hit all time weekly record highs this year and yearly totals followed suit after a significant backup in slaughter volumes through the spring and early summer.
The Cattle On Feed number quoted at 100 percent of a year ago; Placements at 101 percent and Marketings at 101 percent. Placements and Marketings were the second highest for January since the series began in 1996.
Auction volume this week included 54 percent weighing over 600 lbs and 42 percent heifers.
Northwest Weighted Average Direct Feeder Cattle
Weekly Summary WA-OR-ID-UT
This Week: 8613
Last Week: 3598
Last Year: 1103
Compared to last week: No recent comparison of Current FOB trades to test trends for steers and heifers. A limited number of steers were steady to 1.00 lower. Demand moderate to good. Seller interest turned good this week as cattle futures showed some improvement. Supply included: 100% Feeder Cattle (64.5% Steers, 35.5% Heifers). Feeder cattle supply over 600 lbs was 97%. Unless otherwise noted, Feeder Cattle prices FOB based on net weights after a 2-3 % shrink or equivalent, with a 4-8 cent slide > 600 lbs. and 8-12 cent slide <600 lbs. Livestock reported this week originated from ID, OR, UT, WA.
Steers — Medium and Large 1
85 Head: 600 lbs, 156.99 Current FOB
73 Head: 750 lbs, 132.60 Current FOB
248 Head: 662 lbs, 154.59 Current DEL
235 Head: 727 lbs, 143.55 Current DEL
240 Head: 764 lbs, 141.63 Current DEL
283 Head: 817 lbs, 139.86 Current DEL
650 Head: 856 lbs, 136.06 Current DEL
126 Head: 650 lbs, 147.00 Feb DEL
35 Head: 750 lbs, 138.00 Feb DEL
350 Head: 800 lbs, 143.00 Feb DEL
200 Head: 850 lbs, 139.25 Feb DEL
2912 Head: 850 lbs, 125.62 March FOB
120 Head: 850 lbs, 135.00 March DEL
Heifers — Medium and Large 1
95 Head: 525 lbs, 143.99 Current FOB
140 Head: 606 lbs, 146.25 Current DEL
150 Head: 650 lbs, 140.00 Current DEL
35 Head: 740 lbs, 132.00 Current DEL
310 Head: 765 lbs, 132.94 Current DEL
307 Head: 804 lbs, 130.68 Current DEL
180 Head: 850 lbs, 130.00 Current DEL
124 Head: 550 lbs, 141.00 Feb DEL
35 Head: 700 lbs, 132.00 Feb DEL
300 Head: 750 lbs, 138.00 Feb DEL
1320 Head: 800 lbs, 120.62 March FOB
60 Head: 800 lbs, 120.00 March DEL