A guide to federal child-labor laws

Mitch Lies/Capital Press Brian Iverson, 17, has been working on his family farm, Iverson Family Farms in Woodburn, Ore., full time since he was 14. Labor Department proposals wouldnÕt impact teens working on their familyÕs farm.

Child-labor rules

Federal regulations, authorized by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, set the following rules for hiring employees younger than 18 in agriculture:

* At 12, minors can be employed with either written parental consent, or on a farm on which a parent is also employed.

* At 14, minors can work any job except those declared hazardous by the labor secretary, but only outside school hours.

* At 16, minors can perform any farm job at any time, even during school hours.

State rules must at least meet federal restrictions. Many exceed them, with higher age restrictions as well as minimum wages.

-- Wes Sander

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