Western Hay Markets

Western Hay Markets

Published on February 10, 2014 3:57PM

Hay prices are dollars per ton or dollars per bale when sold to retail outlets. Basis is current delivery FOB barn or stack, or delivered customer as indicated.

Grade guidelines used in this report have the following relationship to Relative Feed Value (RFV), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF), TDN (Total Digestible Nutrients), or Crude Protein (CP) test numbers:


Supreme 185+ <27 55.9+ 22+

Premium 170-185 27-29 54.5-55.9 20-22

Good 150-170 29-32 52.5-54.5 18-20

Fair 130-150 32-35 50.5-52.5 16-18

Utility <130 36+ <50.5 <16


(Columbia Basin)

(USDA Market News)

Moses Lake, Wash.

Feb. 7

This week FOB Last week Last year

5,291 11,180 1,160

Compared to Jan. 31: Supreme Alfalfa steady to firm in a light test. Fair/Good Alfalfa steady to $5 higher. Demand is light to moderate. Trade moderate this week mainly from the local dairies. Buyers are only interested in buying a little to add to their already heavy supplies. Feedlots remain full. Exporters remain quiet processing previously bought inventory. Retail/Feedstore Alfalfa and Orchard grass steady. Buyer demand good with light to moderate supplies.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 400 $225

Fair/Good 650 $195-200

Fair 2900 $145-155

Alfalfa Small Square Premium 75 $250

Good 145 $220-250

Alfalfa/Timothy Mix Small Square Premium 125 $220-250

Alfalfa/Grass Mix Large Square Fair 200 $170

Orchard Grass Small Square Premium 116 $250-275

Timothy Grass Large Square Good 45 $210

Fair 125 $110

Utility 510 $100


(USDA Market News)

Portland, Ore.

Feb. 7

This week FOB Last week Last year

4,976 6,432 1,813

Compared to Jan. 31: Prices generally steady with week ago offerings. Trading was light during the week in some areas. In other areas, the drought in California have forced buyers to purchase Oregon grown hay. Many producers have sold all that they plan to sell for this season.

Tons Price


Alfalfa Small Square Premium 26 $235

Orchard Grass Small Square Premium 22 $230-245

10 $235

Grass Mix-Five Way Small Square Premium 3 $275


Alfalfa Large Square Fair 175 $165


Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 100 $220

Good 400 $175

Mid Square Prem./Sup. 33 $200


Alfalfa Mid Square Good/Prem. 200 $205

Alfalfa/Rye Mix Small Square Premium 23 $230

Good 6 $180

Fescue Grass Small Square Premium 21 $220

Beardless Barley Small Square Fair 2 $100


Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 314 $235-250

300 $295

Premium 950 $225

Good 2029 $180-225

Fair 3 $170

Small Square Supreme 200 $250

Good 30 $200

30 $175

Oat Large Square Premium 49 $150

Barley Large Square Utility 50 $75


(USDA Market News)

Moses Lake, Wash.

Feb. 7

This week FOB Last week Last year

12,550 39,450 4,200

Compared to Jan. 31: Premium and Supreme Alfalfa steady. Fair/Good Alfalfa firm. Trade moderate this week. Higher milk prices and drought worries are all helping the short-term market. Retail/feed store/horse not tested this week. Buyer demand good with light to moderate supplies.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 750 $210

2200 $220

Good/Prem. 600 $200

Good 8100 $180-200

Fair/Good 900 $170-175


(USDA Market News)

Moses Lake, Wash.

Feb. 7

This week FOB Last week Last year

11,556 5,975 4,319

Compared to Jan. 31: Prices remained firm in most areas, with advancements by as much as $10 to $20 higher in the Imperial Valley. Some rain fall was reported in the Northern and Central Regions of the state, with some much need snow falling in the Sierra Nevadas. The hay market continues to march higher, with the impacts of the drought becoming more of a reality. Additionally, firmer milk prices have spurred the dairymen to begin buying some higher quality hay. Producers are already concerned about the water situation next year. According to the Wall Street Journal, most farmers haven’t received water they’re due ince 2008 when federal regulators began restricting water exports from the Delta to residents in the south to protect “threatened” fish such as the smelt and the salmon. The federal regulations have caused millions of acre-feet of water to be flushed into the Bay instead of being sent down the line to irrigate crop lands in the Central and Southern regions of the state. Livestock producers are beginning to search for hay outside their normal marketing areas, with reports of hay moving out of Oregon, Nevada, and the Imperial Valley to try and meet demand while supplies last. Trade activity was active on very good buyer demand. All prices reported FOB at the stack or barn unless otherwise noted. Regions are defined at bottom of report.


Includes the counties of Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen and Plumas.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Fair 200 $230

300 $235

Alfalfa/Timothy Mix Fair 100 $230

Alfalfa/Rye Mix Premium 100 $265

Grass Good 50 $280


Includes the counties of Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, Placer, Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador and Alpine.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Premium 50 $250

Oat Good 150 $230


Includes the counties of San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced and Mariposa.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Premium 160 $300


Includes the counties of Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare and Inyo.

Alfalfa Good 250 $265


Includes the counties of Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Premium 50 $280


Includes the counties of Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside and Imperial.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Supreme 1425 $230-250

Premium 3221 $220-230

1675 $230-245

Good 925 $180-195

Fair/Good 300 $170

Fair 450 $160

Bermuda Grass Premium 300 $198

Good 1200 $150-160

400 $180

Bermuda Straw Good 250 $100


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