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Hay markets

Hay markets

Published on February 7, 2014 1:14PM

Hay prices are dollars per ton or dollars per bale when sold to retail outlets. Basis is current delivery FOB barn or stack, or delivered customer as indicated.

Grade guidelines used in this report have the following relationship to Relative Feed Value (RFV), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF), TDN (Total Digestible Nutrients), or Crude Protein (CP) test numbers:


Supreme 185+ <27 55.9+ 22+

Premium 170-185 27-29 54.5-55.9 20-22

Good 150-170 29-32 52.5-54.5 18-20

Fair 130-150 32-35 50.5-52.5 16-18

Utility <130 36+ <50.5 <16


(Columbia Basin)

(USDA Market News)

Moses Lake, Wash.

Jan. 30

This week FOB Last week Last year

11,180 1,530 850

Compared to Jan. 24: Supreme Alfalfa steady to firm in a light test. Fair/Good Alfalfa $5 lower. Demand is light to moderate. Trade moderate this week mainly from the local dairies and Holstein heifer growing yards. Buyers are only interested in buying a little to add to their already heavy supplies. Feedlots remain full. Exporters remain quiet, processing previously bought inventory. Retail/Feedstore Alfalfa and Orchard grass steady. Buyer demand good with light to moderate supplies.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 1500 $180-190

Fair/Good 3900 $150-155

Fair 4700 $145-155

Alfalfa Small Square Premium 70 $250

Good 125 $220-250

Alfalfa/Timothy Mix Small Square Good 35 $250

Orchard Grass Small Square Premium 145 $250-275

Timothy Grass Large Square Good 30 $210

Fair 150 $110

Utility 525 $100


(USDA Market News)

Portland, Ore.

Jan. 30

This week FOB Last week Last year

6,432 4,679 1,249

Compared to Jan. 24: Prices generally steady with week ago offerings. Trading was light during the week in some areas. Many producers have sold all that they plan to sell for this season.

Tons Price


Alfalfa Large Square Fair/Good 40 $190

Grass Mix-Five Way Small Square Supreme 10 $275


Orchard Grass Large Square Good/Prem. 100 $180


Alfalfa Large Square Good 502 $185-190


Alfalfa/Orchard Mix Small Square Premium 60 $230

Retail/Stable Good 25 $190

Fescue Grass Small Square Premium 21 $220


Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 190 $240-250

1400 $250-280

Good/Prem. 815 $200-210

Good 600 $200

350 $195

Fair 129 $165-170

400 $165

Utility 35 $140

Small Square Fair 25 $175

Compressed Bales Supreme 8 $325

Alfalfa/Grass Mix Large Square Premium 32 $180

Alfalfa/Oat Mix Large Square Fair 1500 $165

Oat Large Square Premium 60 $150

Alfalfa/Triticale Mix Large Square Fair 130 $175


(USDA Market News)

Moses Lake, Wash.

Jan. 30

This week FOB Last week Last year

39,450 9,710 3,700

Compared to Jan. 24: Premium and Supreme Alfalfa steady. Utility and Fair Alfalfa $10 higher. Trade active this week as buyers and sellers decided to come together. Some areas of the trade area received limited moisture this week. Retail/feed store/horse not tested this week. Buyer demand good with light to moderate supplies.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Large Square Supreme 1200 $210-220

Prem./Sup. 20,000 $220

Premium 600 $180

Good 11,000 $180-200

Fair/Good 600 $160

Fair 5650 $165-180

Utility 400 $140


(USDA Market News)

Moses Lake, Wash.

Jan. 30

This week FOB Last week Last year

5,975 7,006 4,290

Compared to Jan. 24: Prices remained firm in most areas, with advancements by as much as $5 higher in the Imperial Valley. Some rainfall was reported in the Northern and Central Regions of the state, with some much needed snow falling in the Sierra Nevadas. The hay market continues to march higher, as this is the driest January on record in the state of California. There has been a high pressure ridge lurking off the coast for the last 13 months that is responsible for blocking winter storms and precipitation from reaching California, according to the Daily Mail. Producers are already concerned about the water situation next year. According to the Wall Street Journal, most farmers haven’t received water they’re due since 2008 when federal regulators began restricting water exports from the Delta to residents in the south to protect “threatened” fish such as the smelt and the salmon. The federal regulations have caused millions of acre-feet of water to be flushed into the Bay instead of being sent down the line to irrigate crop lands in the Central and Southern regions of the state. Livestock producers are beginning to search for hay outside their normal marketing areas, with reports of hay moving out of Oregon, Nevada and the Imperial Valley to try to meet demand while supplies last. Trade activity was active on very good buyer demand.


Includes the counties of Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen and Plumas.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Supreme 100 $300

Premium 50 $225

Wheat Premium 100 $200


Includes the counties of Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, Placer, Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador and Alpine.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Premium 750 $240


Includes the counties of San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced and Mariposa.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Prem./Sup. 500 $300

Premium 50 $275

Oat Good/Prem. 75 $185

Good 500 $170


Includes the counties of Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare and Inyo.

Alfalfa Premium 150 $295


Includes the counties of Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Premium 425 $250-255

Good 200 $219-228

Forage Mix-Three Way Premium 125 $240-255


Includes the counties of Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside and Imperial.

Tons Price

Alfalfa Premium 550 $215-225

50 $210

100 $240

Good/Prem. 100 205

Good 400 $180

Bermuda Grass Premium 500 $200

Klein Grass Good 500 $100

Bermuda Straw Good 750 $80-100


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