AND STOCKER CATTLE
(Federal-State Market News)
St. Joseph, Mo.
This week Last week 2017 (Hd)
431,800 323,400 357,600
Compared to Oct. 19: Steer and heifers sold uneven; 2.00 lower to 2.00 higher. Auction receipts this week are the largest since Jan. 12, 2018, and the nation has a very small percentage of the true yearlings left to move in the market place.
Several auctions in South Dakota had two sales this week to accommodate producers willing to sell cattle and the state accounts for over 18 percent of the auction receipts. Great weather for shipment this week and truckers willing to get those rancher cattle to the sale barn were factors in their inflated receipt number.
Some truckers were pulled off of hauling direct, video and/or contracted feeder cattle the previous week and were wanting them hauled this week, however they were not willing to put off scheduled work. Those aforementioned will just have to be rescheduled.
A shortage of trucks was evident in Nebraska last week and South Dakota this week and some that could hook onto a pot were booked hauling grain.
Weather plays a key role this time of year as lower temperatures and shorter days are a farmer’s worst nightmare after a soaking rain. It can take days for the soil to dry out where a 15-plus ton combine can move through the field without making a rut.
Cattle slaughter continues along at a pretty good clip that packers have found to be advantageous to their bottom line.
Packer margins have been on the positive side for many months now, and they have doe an excellent job by managing their inventory since Labor Day.
Steer dressed weight for week ending Oct. 13 was listed at 899 lbs, 4 pounds below the previous week.
Muddy pen conditions and lower temperatures nationwide the first week in October were contributing factors in the drop in weights. As pens dry out, one would expect weights to bump right back up as long as cold, wet weather doesn’t happen again throughout the Great Plains.
As reported by NASS on Thursday, Year-to-Date Cattle Slaughter through September is 2.6 percent above last year and 8.6 percent above the previous 3-year average. YTD steer and heifer slaughter is 1.2 percent below and 7.6 percent above last year respectively.
Also, YTD Beef cow slaughter is 10.7 percent above a year ago and 22.8 percent above the previous 3-year average. With that many beef cows moved to slaughter this year, some analysts are looking to late 2019 futures to see if current 114.00 to 116.00 prices are realistic.
Six weeks of steady (111.00 live) negotiated cash fed cattle prices left many scratching their head with each passing week.
However, on Friday, fed cattle started with limited trading in TX/OK/NM at 113.00, then Kansas moved some at 114.00, only for TX/OK/NM to trade the bulk of theirs at 115.00.
Kansas and Nebraska both traded live sales at 114.00 to 115.00 this week while dressed sales in Nebraska sold at 180.00.
With cash fed cattle now at a premium to the CME, tendered loads of fed cattle would not be expected to occur after near 180 loads have been tendered for the October delivery month.
Rib demand this time of year has increased as retailers prepare for the upcoming holiday season.
Cutouts have continued to move higher in the past couple weeks. For the week, Choice cutout closed 5.54 higher at 213.47, while Select was 4.59 higher at 198.83. With this week’s increase, Choice cutouts have gained 10.76 since the most recent low of 202.11 reported on October 10, 2018.
Monday’s cold storage report listed total pounds of red meat in freezers up 1 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Total pounds of beef in freezers were up 1 percent from last month at 508.6 million pounds and up 3 percent from last year.
Frozen pork supplies were up 1 percent from last month at 588.9 million pounds and down 5 percent from last year. Total pounds of chicken came in at 959.4 million pounds, up 17.3 percent from last year.
Auction volume this week included 34 percent weighing over 600 lbs and 39 percent heifers.
Slaughter cattle trade mostly 4.00-5.00 higher for live and 6.00-7.00 higher dressed from last week.
Boxed Beef prices as of Friday afternoon averaged 206.15 up 5.06 from last Friday. The Choice/Select spread is 14.64. Slaughter cattle on a national basis for negotiated cash trades through Friday afternoon totaled 113,956. Last week’s total head count was 112,772.
Midwest Direct Markets:
Live Basis: Steers and Heifers: 114.00-115.00.
Dressed Basis: Steers and Heifers: 180.00.
South Plains Direct Markets:
Live Basis: Steers and Heifers: 114.00-115.00.
Slaughter Cows and Bulls (Average Yielding Prices):
Slaughter cows and bulls traded mostly 1.00 to 4.00 lower. Packer Demand light to moderate. Cutter Cow Carcass Cut-out Value on Friday was 154.35 up 1.57 from last Friday.
Direct Feeder Cattle
This week Last week 2017(Hd)
214 223 587
Compared to last week: Feeder cattle and calves lightly tested however a lower undertone is noted. Demand light to moderate. Supply included 56 percent over 600 lbs and 75 percent heifers. Unless otherwise stated prices are FOB weighting points with 2-3 percent shrink or equivalent and a 5-10 cent slide on calves and a 4-12 cent slide on yearlings from base weights. Current sales are up to 14 days delivery.
Feeder Steers Medium and Large 1
54 Head: Avg Wt 561 lbs; Avg Price 163.40; Current Del, Split Loads
Feeder Heifers Medium and Large 1
40 Head: Avg Wt 531 lbs; Avg Price 155.90;1 Current Del, Split Loads
120 Head: Avg Wt 900 lbs; Avg Price 132.00; Current Del